Lugansk People's Republic

Senators by region

Daria Lantratova
Member of the Federation Council Committee on Social Policy
Olga Bas
Member of the Federation Council Committee on Science, Education and Culture


Regional flags and emblems

Lugansk People's Republic Lugansk People's Republic


Established – 30 September 2022

Capital – Lugansk

Geography and climate

The Lugansk People’s Republic is located in the south of the European part of Russia, on the banks of the Seversky Donets River. The terrain is an undulating plain that rises on the valley of the Seversky Donets River to the north and south. In the south, there is the Donets Ridge, with alternating accidented, water-partings and deep valleys with steep banks and dry river beds. The main water artery is the Seversky Donets River; most of the local rivers flow into its basin.

The climate of the republic is temperate continental. The average January temperature is −7.2°C; the average July temperature is 21.2°C. The average annual precipitation ranges from 400mm to 500mm. The steppe ecosystem is home to herbaceous vegetation that grows in chernozem.


In accordance with the Federal Constitutional Law No. 6-FKZ, On the Accession of the Lugansk People’s Republic to the Russian Federation and the Establishment of a New Constituent Entity of the Russian Federation, the Lugansk People’s Republic, dated 4 October 2022, until a legislative (representative) body of the Lugansk People’s Republic is elected in accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation, its powers are exercised by the People's Council of the Lugansk People’s Republic — the Parliament of the Lugansk People’s Republic.

The People’s Council of the Lugansk People’s Republic — the Parliament of the Lugansk People’s Republic has the right to exercise its own legal regulation, including the adoption of laws and other normative legal acts, which may not contradict the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Federal constitutional laws and federal laws.

For the period until the Head of the Lugansk People’s Republic, who is to be elected in accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation, assumes his office, the President of the Russian Federation has appointed the interim acting highest official of the Lugansk People’s Republic, the Head of the Lugansk People’s Republic.

The executive branch of the LPR is the Government of the Lugansk People’s Republic, which is the supreme executive body of state authority in the republic. Formation of the Government of the Lugansk People’s Republic is entrusted to the interim Head of the Lugansk People’s Republic in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Economy and natural resources

The leading industries in the LPR are the metals industry, coal, anthracite and peat coal mining, machine-building and the chemical industry.

The republic’s main enterprises are Krasnodonugol, RovenkiAnthracite, Alchevsk Metalworks, the Alchevsk Coke and Chemical Plant and the Lugansk Pipe Plant.

The republic has a developed agricultural sector focusing on crop farming. It specialises in farming grains and legumes (wheat, rye, barley, oats, corn, peas, soybeans, buckwheat and millet), as well as fruit and vegetables. Livestock breeding mostly concerns the production of poultry meat and pork.