Donetsk People's Republic

Senators by region

Alexander Ananchenko Alexander Ananchenko
Member of the Federation Council Committee on Federal Structure, Regional Policy, Local Government and Northern Affairs
Natalia Nikonorova
Member of the Federation Council Committee on Foreign Affairs

Information

Regional flags and emblems

Donetsk People's Republic Donetsk People's Republic

PROFILE

Established –30 September 2022

Capital – Donetsk

Geography and climate

The Donetsk People’s Republic is located in the steppe zone in the south of the European part of Russia.

It borders the Sea of Azov in the south. Its terrain is mostly flat (with hills up to 200 metres high), cut by ravines and gullies. The 367-metre-high Donets Ridge in the northeast is dissected by numerous rivers. There are over 11,000 rivers in the republic. The biggest one is the Seversky Donets River with its tributaries.

The republic is rich in minerals, primarily coal (the Donets Coalfield) and has considerable reserves of rock salt. It also has deposits of dolomites, limestone, clay and mercury, as well as iron and aluminium ore.

The climate of the republic is temperate continental. The average January temperature is −7.2°C, and the average July temperature is 24.5°C. The average annual precipitation is about 500 mm. The flora is mostly steppe. There are small forests (pine and oak trees) in the Seversky Donets Valley. The soil is mostly chernozem (black soil).

Government

In accordance with the Federal Constitutional Law No. 5-FKZ, On the Accession of the Donetsk People’s Republic to the Russian Federation and the Establishment of a New Constituent Entity of the Russian Federation, the Donetsk People’s Republic, dated 4 October 2022, until a legislative (representative) body of the Donetsk People's Republic is elected in accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation, its powers are exercised by the People's Council of the Donetsk People's Republic — the Parliament of the Donetsk People's Republic.

The People’s Council of the Donetsk People’s Republic — the Parliament of the Donetsk People’s Republic has the right to exercise its own legal regulation, including the adoption of laws and other normative legal acts, which may not contradict the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Federal constitutional laws and federal laws.

For the period until the Head of the Donetsk People's Republic, who is to be elected in accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation, assumes his office, the President of the Russian Federation has appointed the interim acting highest official of the Donetsk People's Republic, the Head of the Donetsk People's Republic.

The executive branch of the DPR is the Government of the Donetsk People’s Republic, which is the supreme executive body of state authority in the republic. Formation of the Government of the Donetsk People’s Republic is entrusted to the interim Head of the Donetsk People’s Republic in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Economy and natural resources

The leading industries in the DPR are the metals industry, the mining of coal and raw materials for the metals industry, chemical and coke chemical production, and mining engineering.

The republic’s main companies are the Donetsk Metallurgical Plant, Yenakievo Iron and Steel Works, the Yasinovsky Coke Chemical Plant, the Zuevskaya Thermal Power Plant, the Khartsyzk Pipe Plant and over 100 coal mines.

The republic has a developed agricultural sector. Crop production focuses on farming wheat, barley, maize, sunflowers, vegetables and fruit. Livestock breeding is primarily based on the production of pork and poultry meat.